This study reveals the current situation of the students at the Qur’anic schools in Kano Metropolis in order to highlight the implications of repeated efforts by parents, society, non-governmental organizations and governments.
The researcher adopted the descriptive method, with structured questionnaires distributed to 120 respondents. Findings from 104 returned responses revealed that there is a great influence of these efforts and contributions from all parties, for example, eighty-five per cent of the respondents indicated that their parents willingly sent them to the Madarisa with mainly the consent and agreement of their mothers.
Equally, the degree of immigrants from outside the region of Kano is reduced. The number of those who came from Kano communities was 38.33% compared to 0.8% from Sokoto and 0.8% from Adamawa state. The result also reveals that the annual enrolment has reduced drastically over the years, as confirmed by 14.4% for those who are in Kano for less than one year compared to 35.6% for those that have been in Kano for more than five to ten years.
In addition, the results show that the degree of self-reliance increased by to 76%, 51% relying on domestic services and 25% sustaining themselves through handy works. Consequently, which the rate of door-to-door and road -side begging for food has been reduced. Also, majority of the students at the Qur’anic schools suffer from the lack of physical and mental growth; however, some have completed basic education up to middle school.
The researcher came across a high school student who received eight credits in NECO and five credits in WAEC, including Mathematics and English, but was referred to the Almajiri System. It was recommended that government should create entrepreneurship centres with the aim to consolidate the Almajiri efforts of being self-reliant. Finally, the government should design a council or body that accredits the numbers of Qur’anic students that are admitted to each school and district and ensure that their parents take responsibility for the children that cannot maintain themselves. Moreover, the integration of formal education into the Qur’anic school setting should be pursued vigorously .
Author : Binta Muhammad Tukur