Human rights are the result of humanity’s increasing and persistent demand for dignity, respect, justice, protection and freedom; all these are needed for a decent human existence. Several education commissions have elucidated the significance of the right to education and education in human rights as part of the effort to reform and develop education. This varies in different countries. In India for instance, the national education system assigns special status to women, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, minorities and the handicapped. They also highlight the basic components of the core curriculum that reflects some vital human right concerns.
Rights Respecting School Awards
In the United Kingdom, UNICEF has pioneered a program called the “Rights Respecting Schools Awards” which awards schools that have incorporated the convention on the rights of the child into their planning, practice and ethos. This has improved self-esteem, behavior and relationships; reduced bullying and discrimination; increased discussion and engaged children in planning and reviewing their own learning.
Schooling offers an avenue for
an individual to attain basic education as well as explore the world and express ideas. And schools offer an environment where it is possible to operate a community based on social justice and human rights by encouraging the open expression of views and dialogue between students and teachers.
The incorporation of human rights in education aims at enhancing the knowledge and understanding of human rights, fostering the attitudes of tolerance, respect, solidarity, and responsibility; developing awareness of how human rights can be translated into social and political reality, and developing skills for protecting human rights.
In the last decade, internationalization and globalization of the human rights concept has generated the “All Human Rights for All’ movement. In developing countries, human rights violations at all levels necessitates human rights education at all school levels as well as in teacher education. Human rights have to exert its influence from early childhood education onward and through a broad range of disciplines to build a human rights culture.